defending rights and civil liberties

Ethnic minorities are often over-exposed to an excessive police control that is not based on objective criteria, such as the individual behavior, but rather on false and unfounded prejudices that some officers have concerning an alleged greater probability that people belonging to certain communities are involved in the commission of a crime or any other offence. These police practices constitute ethnic profiling.

Ethnic profiling is discriminatory and illegal, as established by many international and regional human rights bodies. In addition, it stigmatizes certain communities (and thus, promoting racism amongst the general public); it results in a loss of legitimacy of the police institution in the eyes of minorities, and has proven to be totally ineffective in crime prevention.  States must establish clear legal standards prohibiting ethnic profiling and requiring reasonable suspicion as the only ground that can be used by police officers to stop and search individuals as well as to adopt a number of measures to prevent these discriminatory police practices.


  • Lagunas en la protección de los derechos civiles y políticos en España
  • Submission on the issue of ethic profiling for ECRI fifth report on Spain
  • Weapons and citizen security, a perspective from Brazil
  • Informe sombra de RIS para el examen de España por el Comité para la Eliminación de la Discriminación Racial.
  • Los derechos humanos en la función policial: recetas para mejorar la formación y la rendición de cuentas en los cuerpos policiales
  • Balance de 2015: Los derechos humanos en España
  • Balance de 2013: Los derechos humanos en España
  • The use of racial profiling by the police in Spain: a historic opportunity to eradicate these practices.
  • Report to the Human Rights Committee (CCPR) for List of Issues - Spain’s 6th periodic report
  • Letter to the new Minister of Justice raising concerns and setting out recommendations of the the organisation